Learning objectives:

  • Describe the characteristics of influenza infection in birds and how this varies between species.
  • Explain the different types of influenza virus and how they can infect humans and animals.
  • Describe the ways that influenza viruses can change or mutate and how this affects the emergence of pandemics e.g. reassortment, recombination, mutation and genetic drift.
  • Explain the factors which influence the spread of avian influenza in poultry farms.
  • Explain the factors which influence the spread of avian influenza in poultry farms, including the role of wild birds.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of current measures used to control Avian Influenza in developed and developing countries.

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