Learning objectives:

    • Describe the basic characteristics of Escherichia coli, including Gram test result, microscopic appearance, motility and pathotypes (intestinal and extra-intestinal).
    • Describe the clinical presentation of avian colibacillosis.
    • Discuss the main risk factors for avian colibacillosis.
    • Describe how E. coli is isolated and characterised in the laboratory.
    • Explain the risk of Avian Pathogenic E. coli (APEC) in the human food chain.
    • Evaluate the various approaches used to control avian colibacillosis.

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